Classical Antiquity

Start date

400 BCE

End Date

500 BCE



Main Teachings

Emphasis on moral values, family harmony, loyalty, righteousness, social harmony

Metaphysical Beliefs

Non-theistic, Philosophical

Ethical and Moral Principles

Filial piety and social harmony

Ritual and Devotional Practices

Ancestor veneration, Rites

Spiritual Practices

Self-cultivation, Moral self-reflection

Foundational Teachings and Scriptures

Analects, Five Classics

Narrative Traditions

Confucian anecdotes

Sub Type


Historical and Cultural Context

Ancient Religions

Historical Development

Primal or Indigenous Religion

Geographical Distribution

Eastern Religions

Organizational Structure

Institutional Religions

Scriptural Authority

Ethical Religion

Sociological Approach

Ethnic Religion

Philosophical or Ideological Focus

Naturalistic Religion

Gods or Deities


Beliefs on the Afterlife and End Times

Emphasis on earthly life rather than afterlife

Existance of Afterlife


Existance of Reincarnation


Religious Structures

Ancestral shrines, Confucian temples

Religious Leader Types or Roles

Confucian scholars, Teachers