Iron Age

Start date

800 BCE

End Date

400 AD


Roman Religion

Main Teachings

Worship of pantheon of gods and goddesses, afterlife beliefs

Metaphysical Beliefs


Ethical and Moral Principles

Duty and loyalty to state

Ritual and Devotional Practices

Sacrifice, Augury

Spiritual Practices

Stoicism, Civic rituals

Foundational Teachings and Scriptures

Livy's Ab Urbe Condita, Virgil's Aeneid

Narrative Traditions

Legends of Rome's founding

Sub Type


Historical and Cultural Context

Ancient Religions

Historical Development

Primal or Indigenous Religion

Geographical Distribution

Western Religions

Organizational Structure

Institutional Religions

Scriptural Authority

Revealed Religion

Sociological Approach

Ethnic Religion

Philosophical or Ideological Focus

Naturalistic Religion

Gods or Deities

Jupiter, Mars, Venus

Beliefs on the Afterlife and End Times

Afterlife in the Underworld (Hades)

Existance of Afterlife


Existance of Reincarnation


Religious Structures

Temples, Altars, Auguraculum

Religious Leader Types or Roles

Pontiffs, Vestal Virgins, Augurs