Iron Age

Start date

1000 BCE

End Date




Date Notes

Although greatly diminished after the Muslim conquest of Persia, it is still practiced today, particularly in India (by the Parsi community) and Iran.

Main Teachings

Cosmic struggle between good (Ahura Mazda) and evil (Angra Mainyu), ethical dualism, free will

Metaphysical Beliefs


Ethical and Moral Principles

Good thoughts, words, and deeds

Ritual and Devotional Practices

Fire rituals, Prayer

Spiritual Practices

Charity, Self-purification

Foundational Teachings and Scriptures

Avesta, Gathas

Narrative Traditions

Zoroastrian legends and myths

Sub Type


Historical and Cultural Context

Ancient Religions

Historical Development

Primal or Indigenous Religion

Geographical Distribution

Eastern Religions, Western Religions

Organizational Structure

Institutional Religions

Scriptural Authority

Revealed Religion

Sociological Approach

Ethnic Religion

Philosophical or Ideological Focus

Esoteric Religion

Gods or Deities

Ahura Mazda

Beliefs on the Afterlife and End Times

Judgment and afterlife in Heaven or Hell

Existance of Afterlife


Existance of Reincarnation


Religious Structures

Fire temples, Towers of Silence

Religious Leader Types or Roles

Mobeds (Priests), Herbeds (Warrior priests)